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What Is A Colonoscopy? Colonoscopy may be a life saving procedure that can detect cancer. It isn’t always something to which patients are looking forward to but, it’s an effective yet easy way of preventing colon cancer before this becomes a deadly condition. By being able to know the things to expect from it, it can help in alleviating concerns you might have prior to going into the process. At the age of 50, both men and women have to consider undergoing the procedure. It needs to be repeated once every 5 to 10 years until they are 75 years old. And depending on doctor’s findings, it can be crucial to have such procedure done. As for those who have immediate relative who has been diagnosed with polyps or colon cancer before 60, they should start a screening at the age of 40. Anyone who has disorder that could predispose them to cancer risk similar to ulcerative colitis might have to undergo colonoscopy at an earlier age, which will be determined by a physician. Before starting with anything, you must know that only clear foods and liquids should be consumed including broth, water, tea, clear juices, gelatin and coffee without cream and never consume anything that’s purple, blue or red. The doctor might require the patient as well to stop taking some medications for a set period of time prior to the procedure. It might be necessary as well to take antibiotics. In order to get a better view of the colon, having a bowel preparation has to be done. Normally, this is going to start on the day before and can also include anything similar to laxative pill that’s to be taken with enough fluids, prepared laxative solution that may be mixed with a sports drink or electrolyte solution and enema that is washing out the colon.
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Always make sure to complete the preparation as what instructed by your physician. And say that this isn’t done according to what’s instructed, then there’s a great chance that the doctor may not see clearly through your colon.
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An anesthesia will be used in order to sedate the patient throughout the procedure. If ever there are things that the doctor found concerning, he/she will remove it. A biopsy can be taken as well for examination and the procedure can last from anywhere to 20 to 60 minutes. Afterwards, the patient can take a rest for an hour as the sedation wears off. The patient should have someone who is going to drive him/her home as the sedation medication is going to make them feel drowsy. Expect as well to feel minimal cramps and discomfort.